Friday, December 15, 2017

#ClassicsaDay #ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week 3

I'm a regular contributor to the #ClassicsaDay Twitter feed. In December 2017, I focused on the music of the season that doesn't get a lot of exposure -- but should. Below is an annotated list of the works I featured  in the feed with the supporting hashtag #ClassicalChristmas.

Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1643-1704) - "Messe de Minuit pour Nöel" H9

Charpentier spent 17 years in service to Marie de Lorraine, Duchesse de Guise, first cousin to Louis XIV. During that time he wrote an extraordinary amount of music, both for Mlle. de Guise and other nobility who commissioned works. After her death, he entered the Jesuit order and thereafter wrote primarily sacred works. Messe de Minuit pour Nöel was composed around 1690 and is one of Charpentier's best-known works. Woven into the music is ten traditional French carols.

Jakub Jan Ryba (1765-1815) - Czech Christmas Mass

Music teacher and composer Jakub Jan Ryba wrote his Czech Christmas Mass in 1796. it incorporates traditional Czech carols and uses the Czech language to tell the Christmas story. Performing the work has become a holiday tradition in Bohemia, and is frequently performed throughout Eastern Europe. Although Ryba wrote many masses and pastorales, the Ceská mše vánocní "Hej mistre!" his only work that's still heard today.

Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) Vom Himmel Hoch

Mendelssohn is credited with reviving the music of Johann Sebastian Bach or at least bringing it back into the public consciousness. His deep study of J.S. Bach's music influenced his own work. This was especially true with Mendelssohn's choral works. The Christmas cantata "Vom Himmel hoch" is based on a hymn tune by Martin Luther. The treatment of the tune and the structure of the cantata show Bach's influence. "Vom Himmel hoch" was premiered in 1831 and remains a staple of the repertoire.

Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) Christmas Eve: Orchestral Suite

Russian composer Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the opera Noch' pered Rozhdestvom (Christmas Eve) in 1895. It was based on a popular short story by Nikolai Gogla. Rimsky-Korsakov was not the first -- three other composers, including Tchaikovsky -- had based an opera on the tale. The plot involves the Devil stealing the moon on Christmas Eve, and being thwarted by Vakula the blacksmith. It's perhaps least-Christmasy seasonal works in the seasonal repertoire. Rimsky-Korakov later created extracted an orchestral suite from the opera.

Daniel Pinkham (1923-2006) - Christmas Cantata

American composer Daniel Pinkham studied with Walter Piston, Aaron Copland, and E. Power Biggs. Pinkham was served as an organist and choir director. Although he's best remembered for his sacred compositions, Pinkham composed for orchestras, chamber groups, and solo music as well. The 1957 Christmas Cantata is one of Pinkham's most popular works.

Otto Albert Tichý (1890-1973) - Missa pastoralis in honorem Jesu Infantiis in Praga

Czech composer Otto Albert Tichý studied with Vincent d'Indy. In addition to teaching and composing, Tichý was also a professional organist. Tichý did extensive research on Gregorian chant, and was an expert on church music in general. Most of his compositions are sacred works for choirs, or solo organ music. His "Missa pastoralis in honorem Jesu Infantiis in Praga" is one of the few Tichý compositions still performed today.

#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week #1
#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week #2

Thursday, December 14, 2017

The Night of Saint Nicholas: A Mediaeval Liturgy for Advent

Performance practices change -- even in the field of early music. In the early 1990s Anonymous 4 burst onto the scene, making medieval music sound vibrant and alive. Other ensembles built upon their success, each with their own take on the repertoire.

"The Night of Saint Nicholas" was originally released in 1998. So how does it hold up after almost two decades? Very well, actually.

The release is a collection of sacred music revolving around Saint Nicolas, most dating from the 13th Century. La Revier and I Cantori Gregoriani deliver performances that are beautiful in their simplicity.

The ambiance of the recording site --  the Church of San Damaso, Modena, Italy -- perfectly matches the music. The reverberation fills the spaces between the notes without blurring them.

I'd almost say these are classic sacred early music performances. There's the ethereal quality essential to the style. Each selection unfolds at its own unhurried pace.

It evokes a sense of timelessness that not only transcends the centuries but the trends of the last 20 years. This release doesn't sound dated at all. Rather, the sound seems as ageless as the legend it celebrates.

The Night of Saint Nicholas
A Mediaeval Liturgy for Advent
La Reverdie; I Cantori Gregoriani
Arcana A 442

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Carl Heinrich Graun: Weihnachtsoratorium - companion to Bach's

Carl Heinrich Graun isn't the best-known German baroque composer, but at the time he was one of the most prominent. Frederick the Great appointed Graun kapellmeister to his court in 1740.

Graun was also one of the major opera composers in Berlin. His Weihnachtsoratorium (Christmas Oratorio) was probably written in the late 1730s.

Compared to Johann Sebastian Bach's 1734 Christmas Oratorio, Graun's work seems simpler. There are less counterpoint and more straight-forward choral settings of hymn tunes.

Graun also uses less Biblical text than Bach, preferring contemporary interpretations of the story. While a comparison of the two works might explain why Bach is better-known than Graun today, it's also a little unfair.

Graun was writing for a different audience, and writing in his own style. Taking on its own merits, his Christmas Oratorio is an appealing work that deserves to be heard again. The solos and duets are written in a straight-forward manner, with a minimum of baroque ornamentation.

The center of the work is Paul Gerhardt's 1648 Wie soll ich dich empfangen (How Shall I Leave You). This sturdy Lutheran hymn is heard at the beginning, middle, and end of the oratorio.

There are some contrapuntal choral passages, but they hew to Lutheran clarity. The choral settings, to my ears, seemed closer to Handel than Bach. The soloists for this recording are first-rate. I particularly liked the warm, rounded voice of alto Marian Eckstein.

The Arcis-Vocalisten München and the Barockorchester L’arpa festante have a big, full ensemble sound. This is a well-written work performed with vigor and energy. If you enjoy the large choral works of Handel, Telemann, and, yes, even Bach, you should find much to like here. I know I did.

Carl Heinrich Graun: Weihnachtsoratorium 
Monika Mauch, soprano; Marion Eckstein, alto; Georg Poplutz, tenor; Raimund Nolte, bass 
Arcis-Vocalisten München; Barockorchester L’arpa festante; Thomas Gropper, conductor 
Oehms Classics OC 1876

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Raunächte - The Twelve Nights after Christmas in Pastels

For Americans, the Twelve Days of Christmas means turtledoves, drummers drumming and five golden rings. But for Northern Europeans, that time between Christmas day and Epiphany (January 6) is when winter weather is often its harshest. And yet it's also a time of hope.

Raunächte collects twelve works that exemplify that spirit of hope "in the bleak midwinter." If the carol "The 12 Days of Chrismas" evokes bright, primary reds and greens, these compositions conjure up images in soft pastels. Even works such as John Rutter's "Gabriel's Message" and Edward Elgar's "The Snow" seem more muted.

The LaCapella-Family is a group of five ensembles that present a varied program. The contemporary selections are especially strong. Ola Gjeilo's "Tundra" depicts the windswept landscape with a hauntingly beautiful melody set against rustling strings and piano. "The Piece of Wild Things" by Joan Szymko for female choir and piano glistens like moonlight reflections on snow. I love it.

Also of note in this album of extraordinarily beautiful works is Franz Herzog's luminous arrangement of "Es wird scho glei dumpa" for a capella choir. The album concludes with a joyful "Magnificat" by Agneta Skjöld.

If you're looking for something different this holiday season, consider Raunächte. It's seasonal music drawn in pastels, yet with an amazing variety of emotions and tonal colors. 

Raunächte - The Twelve Nights after Christmas
Music by John Rutter, Ola Gjeilo, Joan Szymko, Wilhelm Nagel, Morten Vinther Sørensen, Cesar Bresgen, Edward Elgar, Gjendine Slålien, Felix Mendelssohn, Agneta Skjöld  
Rondeau Productions ROP6149

Friday, December 08, 2017

#ClassicsaDay #ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week 2

I'm a regular contributor to the #ClassicsaDay Twitter feed. In December 2017, I focused on the music of the season that doesn't get a lot of exposure -- but should. Below is an annotated list of the works I featured in the feed with the supporting hashtag #ClassicalChristmas.

Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672) - Weihnachtshistorie, SWV 435

Heinrich Schütz was one of the most famous -- and influential -- German composers of the generation before Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach used Schütz's sacred choral works as models for his own. The Weihnachtshistorie (Christmas Story) premiered in Dresden in 1623. It's a very Lutheran treatment of the text, with clarity paramount. The work features a six-part choir, an orchestra, and soloists.

Franz Liszt (1811-1886) - Weihnachtsbaum

Franz Liszt composed his Weihnachtsbaum (Christmas Tree) suite for his first grandchild, Daniela von Bülow. He played it for her on Christmas Day, 1881, when she was 21. The work has twelve sections, divided into three books. Several German Christmas carols are quoted in the work, including "Adeste Fidelis" and "O Holy Night." Lizst also created a piano 4-hands version of the work.

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594) - Missa Hodie Christus natus est

Often called "the Prince of Music," Palestrina's style became the standard for sacred music in the Roman Catholic Church for generations. Palestrina wrote music for all aspects of worship. The "Hodie Christus natus est" is one of 105 masses Palestrina wrote. Based on a motet of the same name, it was designed for the Christmas Morning worship service.

Gerald Finzi (1901-1956) - In Terra Pax, Op. 39

English composer Gerald Finzi set poetry by Robert Bridges with selections from Luke. This work is a modern contemplation of the Christmas story. As Finzi relates it, the inspiration came from an event of his youth. Finzi had climbed up a church tower and heard the midnight bells echoing over the snow-swept hills of Gloucestershire welcoming Christmas Day.

Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936) - Lauda per la Natività del Signore

Respighi drew the texts for Lauda per la Natività del Signore from two sources. He used a medieval hymn of praise and the writings of 13th C. cleric Jacophone da Todi. The work, written around 1930, focuses on the birth of Jesus and the Annunciation to the shepherds (and their visit). Respighi's scoring heavily relies on double reeds (oboes and bassoons) to evoke a pastoral feel.

#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week 1
#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week 3

Thursday, December 07, 2017

In Dulci Jubilo - Music for the Christmas by Buxtehude and Friends

I've been burnt out on Christmas music for some time -- even classical Christmas music. But In Dulci Jubilo promised something fresh -- seasonal music from Dieterich Buxtehude and his colleagues. And it was recorded by Paul Hillier and the Theater of Voices. I wasn't disappointed.

In Dulci Jubilo is a time capsule of Christmas and Advent music from Northern Germany in the late 1600s. The Protestant Reformation had established its own musical voice.

Dietrich Buxtehude, Heinrich Scheidemann, Franz Tundar, Johann Christoph Bach (J.S. Bach's great uncle) laid the foundation composers of the High Baroque would build on.

Paul Hillier is a meticulous director, and his attention to detail shows in the performances and the program. The Theatre of Voices has an exceptionally seamless blend. And they're all top-notch soloists as well. The program takes the listener through the liturgical season, from Advent through Epiphany with selections to match. And the works are nicely balanced between choral and instrumental.

Some selections are familiar, such as In Dulci Jubilo and Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern (How Brightly Shines the Morning Star). Others, such as Buxtehude's Das neugeborne Kindelein and J.C. Bach's  Merk auf, mein Herz were new to me.

But familiar or not, there's a consistency that runs through all these works. Luther was all about clarity, and these works deliver their message in a straightforward fashion. The pulse is always clear, and no matter how artful the counterpoint, the words are never obscured.

In Dulce Jubilo is a well-sung, well-organized program that effectively captures a moment in time. A moment that more than hints of the grandeur that was to come with Bach, Handel, and Telemann.

In Dulci Jubilo
Music for the Christmas Season by Buxtehude and Friends
Theater of Voices, Paul Hillier, director
Dacapo 6.220661 SACD

Wednesday, December 06, 2017

Kerry Turner - Ricochet Hits the Mark

There's nothing quite like the music of a composer writing for his (or her) own instrument. Kerry Turner's world-renowned horn player as well as a composer.

As this release shows, he definitely knows how to write for brass. "Ricochet" includes six short chamber works, as well as a more substantial composition, the Horn Quartet No. 4.

Kerry's style is decidedly user-friendly.

He states, "the gift of song and harmony, as well as the proper use of the splendid instruments we master, are crucial to achieving this more beautiful aspect of our lives in the 21st century." 

Kerry's mostly tonal style draws the listener in, and his well-crafted and imaginative melodies keep them there.

Ricochet for brass quintet starts off the album with a bang. This rollicking, good-natured work had me humming along before the opening phrase was done.

Although Turner is a horn player, his compositional talent isn't limited to brass instruments. The Seduction for string quartet is a highly expressive and emotional work that shows a deep understanding of string writing.

The Horn Quartet No. 4 masterfully explores the potential of the instrument. With four identical instruments, ensemble blend is easy. When necessary, Kerry lets each instrument have its own voice. At times I could hear four independent lines wending in and out of each other.

I didn't just enjoy this release as an album of brass music. I enjoyed it as an album of music.

Kerry Turner: Ricochet and Other music 
American Horn Quartet; Saturday Brass Quintet
Members of the Luxembourg Philharmonic
MSR Classics MS 1064

Tuesday, December 05, 2017

Tutta Bella! Venetian Christmas Revels

For over 40 years Revels has been presenting a Christmas program. These shows blend folk tales, songs, and dance in a celebration of a bygone time. And each year the program has a different theme. The 2017 theme is a Venetian Christmas Revels. And as always, the creative team's scholarship is first-rate.

This isn't just a program of Claudio Monteverdi and Giovanni Gabrieli. Those Venetian composers are represented, but so are many others. Venice has always been a port of call for many Mediterranean cultures. And in some cases, those cultures took root in the city.

Tutta Bella presents seasonal music that might have been heard wandering the streets of Venice. There's a selection by Salamon Rossi, a Venetian Jewish composer. There's music from Corsica, Croatia, Sardinia, and Turkey. You'll hear Sephardic chant and lively Spanish tunes.

The Christmas Revels shows remain popular for a good reason -- they're entertaining. And so is this release. Many of the tracks seem to brim with joy and energy. And really -- isn't that how we want to feel in December?

If you can't make it to a Revels show, Tutta Bella is a good consolation prize.

Tutta Bella!
A Venetian Christmas Revels
The Revels Chorus; The Revels Children; Cambridge Symphonic Brass Ensemble
Revels CD 2017

Friday, December 01, 2017

#ClassicsaDay #ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week 1

I'm a regular contributor to the #ClassicsaDay Twitter feed. In December 2017, I focused on the music of the season that doesn't get a lot of exposure -- but should. Below is an annotated list of the works I featured in the feed with the supporting hashtag #ClassicalChristmas.

(November's theme was Composers A-Z, which ran over into December. So I didn't start #ClassicalChristmas until the 6th.)

John Playford: To Drive the Cold Winter Away

This anonymous English tune first surfaced in the early 1600s. There are various texts that were set to the music. The tune is also known as "In Praise Of Christmas." "The Praise Of Christmas," and "All Hail To The Days." This particular version was published by John Playford in the 1651 edition of "The English Dancing Master."

Henry Cowell (1897-1865): Sweet was the Sound

Henry Cowell was recognized as a major force in American music in the 1930s. After the Second World War, his music became simpler and more accessible. And Cowell also began incorporating American folk elements into his works. The carol "Sweet was the Sound" comes from that period.

William Henry Fry (1813-1864): The Santa Claus Symphony

Fry holds the distinction of being the first native-born American to write orchestral works and operas (and to have them performed. Fry's symphonies have extra-musical themes, and The Santa Claus Symphony is no exception. The symphony premiered in 1853 and is one of the earliest works to use the then-new saxophone. From the beginning, the work was both admired by the public and derided by critics (as it still is).

#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week #2
#ClassicalChristmas Annotated List Week #3

Thursday, November 30, 2017

Spam Roundup November, 2017

There's spam, and then there's spam so oddly written it's somewhat amusing. Here's a roundup of some of the "best" comments I received this month from spambots around the world.

Hitting on the highest (or something)
Translation programs can only do so much...

 - Definitely imagine that which you stated. Your favourite justification seemed to be on the web the easiest thing to take into account of. I say to you, I certainly get irked even as other folks think about issues that they plainly don't understand about. [And I say to you, I certainly get irked when I see spam like this cluttering my inbox.]

 - You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest and also defined out the entire thing without having side-effects. [About those side-effects. You should consult your doctor before reading any blog posts.]

 - That is really attention-gгabbing, Yοu're an overly skilled blogger. [Overly skilled, underly paid.]

I'm not sure I really need an apprentice to post about that little lumber truck.
"Lumbering along" with spam

The Straco Express Layout, Part 23 - Lumbering Along remains a top post for spam traffic. Just a short blog about an inexpensive and cheaply made toy.  Although these comments seem to suggest something much loftier. 

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Thanks for the [poorly translated] thoughts!

- I pay a quick visit daily some websites and blogs to read posts, except this website. [Thanks, I -- hey, wait a minute...]

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That's all for this month. But not to worry -- the beat goes on, magnificently.

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Henry Cotter Nixon: Complete Orchestral Music, Volume Two

I loved the first installment of this three-part series. This, the second, I have a few reservations about. Henry Cotter Nixon spent most of his professional life at the edges of the English musical world. Although his music won awards, his career outside of London hampered performances.

This volume features a variety of works that, to my ears, sound uneven in quality.

Among the best is the Concert-Stück (sic) for piano and orchestra. Perhaps modeled on the Konzertstück of Weber, this lyrical work is an expressive journey of beauty. The liner notes point out that some of the piano passages are harder to play than they sound.

I wouldn't know. The music seems to simply flow from Ian Hobson's fingers. His committed performance is a pleasure to experience.

The Concert Overture "Anima et Fide" is also an engaging work. The second of three concert overtures, "Anima" shows the influence of Schumann, especially in Nixon's harmonies. Still, it's a well-crafted work that holds up very well on its own. I especially enjoyed the rousing finale -- this would make an excellent opener for a concert.

The 1889 Dance of the Sea Nymphs is a pizzicato work for string orchestra. It's a light and lightweight composition. The music advance in a fairly predictable fashion. Since it was something of a novelty piece (and a short one at that), I gave it a pass.

The May Day Scherzo strongly resembled Mendelssohn. And perhaps because of that, I thought it sounded a little old-fashioned. After all, Mendelssohn died 37 years before Nixon wrote this work.

The release opens with the Prelude to the Witch of Esgair (1889), a romantic opera that (apparently) was never produced. It's packed with tunes and there's a major part for solo euphonium. I couldn't help but think of Gilbert and Sullivan. The solo euphonium also conjured up images of Sunday band concerts in the park.

And there you have it. If you like classic Victoriana, then you should enjoy every track. Even if you don't, the Concert-Stück and the Concert Overture No. 2 are both worth a listen. If you're in the latter camp, purchasing digital tracks a la carte may be the solution.

Make no mistake, though, I'm still looking forward to Volume Three.

Henry Cotter Nixon: Complete Orchestral Music, Volume Two
Kodály Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Mann, conductor
Ian Hobson, piano
World Premiere Recordings
Toccata Classics 0373

Thursday, November 23, 2017

Maggalena Lombardini String Quartets deserve a second hearing

Maddalena Lombardini lived quite a life. Born in Venice in 1735, she was a renowned violinist by the age of 14. Guiseppi Tartini took her under his wing, and soon she had a thriving career as a performer and an instructor at the Mendicanti of Venice.

At 31 she married violinist Ludovico Sirmen and the two toured France and England, playing jointly written concertos and works by Lombardini alone.

By the 1770s Lombardini had published several volumes of music, including violin concertos, violin duets, a violin sonata, and the six quartets features on this album.

The set was published in Paris in 1769, and they're very much in the gallant style of their day. Five of the quartets are simple, two-movement works, with clear, appealing melodies and elegantly simple harmonies.

The fifth quartet is something of a puzzle. It's a far more substantial work, with four fully-developed movements. This quartet reminded me of the Op. 2 quartets of Haydn. Lombardini's Quartet No. 5 is lighter and a little shorter than those examples, but it's the same character.

Lombardini was a first-rate violinist, and her writing for strings shows it. Every quartet is well-crafted, with plenty of opportunities for the players to express themselves.

The Accademia della Magnifica Comunitá performs these works with zest, adding a liveliness that just adds to the enjoyment. Why aren't these works better known? It's easy to cite prejudice against women composers, but there may be another reason.

Lombardini's career as a violinist peaked in the 1770s. By 1785 her playing was considered old-fashioned by Parisian audiences. She transitioned from violinist to singer for the latter part of her career. Lombardini retired from the stage and died in Venice in 1799. So her eclipse may have had more to do with changing fashion than gender bias.

Only recently has her music been revived. I'm glad it has. Do Lombardini's quartets rival those of Mozart and Haydn? Not quite. But they're finely crafted works that charm the ear. And sometimes, that's enough.

Maddalena Lombardini: Six String Quartets, Paris 1769
Accademia della Magnifica Comunitá

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Alla Piffaresca - La Rossignol masters of the dance

La Rossignol puts together an engaging collection of Renaissance secular music. If you're a fan of early music, many of their selections will be familiar.

There are dances from Tielman Susato's 1551 "Danserye" and Michael Praetorius' 1621 "Terpsichore." The selections from Thoinot Arbeau, Adrian Le Roy and Pierre Phalèse are also found on many releases.

So what makes this collection different? The instrumental line up varies from track to track. A full ensemble, dominated by winds, is followed by another for lute and single percussion. A few of the selections even feature vocalists.

And of course, the performances of La Rossignol itself makes this an album worthy of attention. La Rossignol is not only concerned with renaissance music but renaissance dance as well. They perform in costume and strive for authenticity in dress, movement, and sound.

There's a ragged quality to their playing that (to my ears) sounds perfectly convincing. This isn't art music they're performing -- just tunes for an evening's entertainment. The performances are loose but full of energy. It's the kind of sound I like to think would get a 16th Century crowd out on the dance floor.

If you enjoy early music, I recommend adding All Piffaresca to your collection.

Alla Piffaresca
Mische del Rinascimento per alta e bassa capella
La Rossignol
III Millenio CDA 1046

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

Straco Express Layout, Part 59 - Rising Above One's Station

I don't often find things for the Straco Express layout at the York Train Meet. But every now and then something turns up. This time, I found a new -- well, newer -- train station.

I've had the previous train station since 2012 (see Part 17). The one I bought at the meet was in much better shape.

The graphics were different, but that wasn't surprising. I knew that Bandai changed them for different train sets.

What was a surprise was the actual shape. I had assumed that this new station would be the same as my old one. Not so.

Getting a rise

The two stations were similar, and served similar functions. Both were battery packs that served as power sources for their trains.

Both had basic on/off/reverse lever controllers. The differences were in the details.

My Aero station had the switch added to the front of the station (above). The new one had a lever attached to the side (below).

Different, yet the same

The new station also had a thicker base. Both use the same canopy shelter, though. And what I found most interesting is that both kept the same general graphic design. Both suggest that there's an arch for passengers in the middle of the building.

I like the way height of the new station. It lines up nicely with the Nomura passenger cars. I don't know yet which Bandai set this station came with. Yet.

Layout construction:
  • Pegboard: $4.95
  • Flathead Screws: $0.40
  • Molding: $2.49
  • SilClear: borrowed from a friend
  • Green Paint: leftover  from another project
  • Wood Screws: $3.60
  • Felt Pads: $1.99
Power Pack: $5.90
Small Houses: $3.00
Testor's Gray Paint for road: $1.29

Bandai Areo Station: $8.99
Bandai Station: $10.00
2 tinplate signs: $1.00
4 tinplate signs (with train) $5.99
Cragstan HO Light Tower $20.49
4 nesting houses $4.99
Tinplate gas station: $5.00

  • Two Japanese toy cars: $2.00
  • A.W. Livestock truck: $4.99
  • Taxi: $2.99
  • Ambulance: $2.99
  • Two Japanese patriotic cars: $6.99
  • Haji three-wheel sedan $3.00
  • Haji three-wheel tanker $5.00
  • 1950's sedan $2.99
  • LineMar Police Car $9.00
  • LineMar Pepco Truck $8.50
  • LineMar Bond Bread Van $8.00
  • LineMar Fire Engine $4.95
  • LineMar Dump Truck $12.99
  • LineMar GE Courier Car $10.98
  • LineMar County School Bus $9.99
  • Nomura Red Sedan $5.00
  • Nomura Police Car $2.52
  • Nomura lumber truck $3.48
  • 6 Nomura vehicles $16.99
  • Shioji Express Truck $10.00
  • Shioji Covered Truck $12.50
  • Shioji Dump Truck $9.95
  • Shioji Shell Tanker $10.50
  • Orange Sedan $10.99
  • King Sedan $9.95
  • Indian Head logo sedan $4.99
  • Indian Head (?) convertible $18.00
  • Yellow/red Express truck $9.99
  • Red limousine FREE
Total Project Cost: $300.30

Thursday, November 16, 2017

Wenzel Heinrich Veit String Quartets, Vol. 1 - an individual voice

Robert Schumann had this to say of Wenzel Heinrich Veit's music:

The form of this quartet contains nothing unusual, there is no boldness or originality, but it is proper and shows a well-trained hand. Both the harmony and the individual voices are worthy of high praise.

I think the first part of that assessment's a little harsh, but I do agree with the second.

This initial installment of Veit string quartet recordings starts at the beginning, with quartets Nos. 1 and 2.

Wenzel Heinrich Weit (1806-1864) was a Czech composer heavily influenced by Beethoven, Mendelssohn, and Schubert. His music laid the foundation for the next generation of Czech composers, which would include Dvorak and Smetana.

The 1834 String Quartet No. 1 in D minor was completed when Veit was 28 and is a relatively early work. Stylistically, it reminded me of the Op. 18 quartets of Beethoven with a dash of Schubertian harmonies. The third movement features the melody "God Save the Tzar.;" a nod, perhaps, to Russia's alliance with Czechoslovakia during the Napoleonic Wars.

Veit's second string quartet completed a year later, shows some growth. This is a much more dramatic work, with a thicker texture and darker character. To me, it sounds somewhat closer to Schumann's quartets. Perhaps that's what appealed to Schumann in his review.

I wouldn't say these works aren't original. True, Veit doesn't stray far from Haydn's string quartet model. But his melodies are interesting and the overall sound of the quartets is quite appealing.

Also appealing are the performances by the Kertész String Quartet. This period-instrument quartet has a wonderfully rich, warm ensemble sound. I am very much looking forward to volume two.

Wenzel Heinrich Veit: Complete String Quartets, Volume One
String Quartet No. 1 in D minor, Op. 3; String Quartet No. 2 in E major, Op. 5
Kertész String Quartet
Toccata Classics TOCC 0335

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Clementi Monferrinas offer a selection of galant confections

A monferrina is an uptempo Italian folk dance in 6/8 time. Two collections of them are featured in this collection of Clementi piano music.

Clementi's monferrinas are lively little diversions, each less than two minutes long. Nevertheless, within the confines of the form, Clementi manages a great deal of variety. That's good since this album has eighteen of them.

In addition to the monferrinas and several other short works, the album includes Clementi's unpublished 1765 keyboard sonata in A flat. The sonata owes much to the galant style of Johann Christian Bach, though it hints at the more substantial sonatas to come. There's a lot going on in this work -- pretty impressive output for a thirteen-year-old boy.

Domenic Cheli is a young pianist who performs these works with an easy assurance. These are not major works, but Cheli gives them the attention they deserve. His light touch at times seems light-hearted as well.

You don't have to be a Clementi completist to enjoy this release. It's simply a pleasant listening experience for anyone who enjoys piano music.

Muzio Clementi
Harpsichord Sonata in A flat major, WoO 13, Allegro and Finale in E flat major, WoO 22-23; Rondo in B flat major, WoO 8; Canon ad diapason in C major, WoO11; Tarantella in A minor, WoO 21; Six Monferrinas, WoO 15-20; Twelve Monferrinas, Op. 49; Fourteen Melodies of Different Nations, WoO 9: No. 5, Air russe
Dominic Cheli, piano
Naxos 8.573711

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Collecting -- and Collecting Information Part 31

Shioji and Coke

A new offering came available on eBay recently. It was yet another variation of the Shioji friction toy truck.

This one was a Coca-Cola delivery truck. And as often happens with items that appeal to more than one collecting interest, the bidding soon sailed past my maximum offer. Those Coke collectors can be ruthless!

Sometimes photos are enough

Still, the photos provided were detailed enough for me to place this vehicle in the evolution of Shioji's line. (See Part 28 for more details).

I own five of the known variations. Here they're arranged in chronological order.
The basic time line goes like this:
  • First generation: Rivet head hubcaps, flat chassis bottom, six securing tabs.
  • Second generation: Solid hubcaps (cheaper to make and install), rounded chassis bottom
  • Third generation: Four securing tabs instead of six

Dialing in the date

The Coke truck has solid hubcaps and a rounded chassis. That makes it either second or third generation. 

The solid hubcaps help date the vehicle.

The use of just four tabs to secure the truck bed mark this a third generation vehicle.

It also has four tabs securing the truck body to the frame. And that makes it third generation. So I'm guessing this vehicle was probably made around 1961-63. 

An unusual work-around

I also found the overall construction interesting. Coke trucks have payloads that sit low over the wheels. Rather than create a new chassis for their version, Shioji simply worked with what they had.

The tabs in the middle of the chassis secure a flat bracket. The ones in the back hold an extension. It's those pieces that the truck body is secured to.

All of the previous examples of this Shioji truck I've found have
 the truck bed resting on top of the chassis.

Otherwise, the truck bed would sit too high, as it does on Shioji's express van and cattle truck (above).

Are there more variations out there? Perhaps. I'll only know if they come onto the market. 

Thursday, November 09, 2017

Praetorius Lutherische Choralkonzerte - Models of Clarity

This release is part of CPO's "Music from Wolfenbüttel Castle" series. And in this case, it's especially fitting.

It was at Wolfenbüttel that Michael Praetorius served Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Praetorius served as court organist and composer. When Frederick Ulrich succeeded Julius, Praetorius remained. He was buried Wolfenbüttel.

Julius and Ulrich were staunch Lutherans, as was Praetorius (his father had studied with Luther). This release presents a selection of Praetorius' Lutheran chorales. Praetorius was familiar with Giuseppe Gabrieli's compositions. These works show that influence.

Like Gabrieli's canzonas, these chorales rely on contrast. They often separate the chorus into two smaller antiphonal ensembles. Some of the chorales also use cantus firmus, following the technique of Johann Walter for Lutheran choral music.

Clarity of the message was the overriding priority in early Lutheran church music. Praetorius holds to that ideal in these work. Though the settings are engaging, imaginative, and sometimes complex, the texts remain clear and easy to understand.

The Weser-Renaissance Bremen maintains that tradition. They perform these works in a straightforward manner that sounds absolutely authentic. The recording space in Wolfenbüttel Castle has an intimate ambiance that adds warmth to the ensemble's sound. The sound and performances seemed to transport me back to the early 1600s when these works were new.

Michael Praetorius: Lutherische Choralkonzerte
Weser-Renaissance Bremen; Manfred Cordes, director
CPO 555 064-2

Wednesday, November 08, 2017

Tishchenko Symphony No. 8 transforms Schubert

In order to fully appreciate this release, you need to have another one cued up. Boris Tishchenko continually pushed the boundaries of Soviet music. His compositions, even when they stayed on the right side of the Soviet authorities, sounded like no one else's.

Listening to this release was my first encounter with Tishchenko's 8th Symphony. It strongly reminded me of late Shostakovich. Not surprising -- Tishchenko studied with him in the 1960s. But it wasn't until I listened to the work the way Tishchenko intended that I fully understood what the piece was about.

Tishchenko's 8th Symphony picks up where Schubert's ends. The themes of the closing movement start Tishchenko's work, and initially, it continues in Schubert's harmonic language. But then things begin to change. The music seems to slowly break apart. Harmonies dissolve, motifs become distorted. By the end of the work, the music has completely transformed into something wonderfully unique, and yet closely tied to Schubert's work.

The other major work on this release is the Concerto for Violin, Piano, and String Orchestra. This 2006 work features shimmering chord clusters and vast sweeping gestures. The violin and piano function more as a duo than two solo instruments. Violinist Chingiz Osmanov and pianist Nikolai Mazhara achieve that effect, performing as if in a conversation between old friends.

Yuri Serov leads the St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra in solid performances. Tishchenko's music can be somewhat quirky, moving from one style to another -- sometimes quickly.

I just have one complaint. They really should have included a recording of Schubert's 8th with this release. Hearing the same orchestra move from one symphony to the other would have been an ideal way to experience Tishchenko's artistic vision.

Boris Tischenko: Symphony No. 8
Concerto for Violin, Piano, and String Orchestra; Three Songs to Poems of Marina Tsvetayeva 
Mila Shkirtil, mezzo-soprano; Chingiz Osmanov, violin; Nikolai Mazhara, piano
St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra; Yuri Serov, conductor 
Naxos 83.573343

Tuesday, November 07, 2017

Think globally, vote locally

This off-cycle is on!

Normally, a non-Presidential election is considered unimportant. The turnout's proportional to the level of the candidates. Senate races bring out more voters than Board of Supervisor elections; gubernatorial contests have more participants than a sheriff's race. But it's all a fraction of the turnout for a national election.

This year (at least in Virginia), the state-wide races are being framed as a referendum. The President has personally endorsed some of the candidates running in the state. So if you vote for that candidate, it can be seen as a vote of support for the President, and vice-versa.

A matter of scale

That referendum concept might motivate some folks who have strong feelings for or against the President -- especially those who normally pass on the "unimportant" races.

But really -- every election is important. Because the results of every election affect your daily life. The county board of supervisors won't change what's happening in Washington. But they can approve that new strip mall to be built next to your house.

A town council won't influence State Department policy, but they could drain your community's coffers through cronyism.

Everyone rails against the IRS. But meal taxes, utility taxes, property taxes, vehicle taxes, business license fees, and many other such costs are determined at the local, regional and state levels. The people you help to elect to all levels of local government have a big say in your daily life through laws, ordinances, taxes, and fees.

Deciding not to choose is still a decision

If you choose to sit out this election? Then you help the side you're against. You've deprived the side you agree with of your support.

Don't like either side? Sure, I get that. It's not a perfect world. But remember, you're not voting black or white, but rather light gray vs. dark gray. You can sit this one out if you like, but know that you're going to get gray, regardless. Would you like it lighter or darker?

I choose to choose

There's another reason why every election is important. The results are what politicians use to gauge the will of the people. And that determines their actions going forward.

If 10% of the eligible voters turn out, and 85% vote the same way, it's considered a landslide. Clearly, everybody wants this candidate and his/her policies.

So policy is set on feedback from 85% of 10%. To plug in some numbers, if a district has 1,000 voters on the rolls, only 100 show up to vote, and 85 vote the same way. That Mandate of the People comes from 85 individuals out of a group of 1,000.

Do the other 900 agree with those 85 or do they think more like the 15? Doesn't matter. They didn't vote.

Every election is important. I consider it my civic duty to participate -- every time.

Friday, November 03, 2017

Line Mar Match Box Construction 072 - Conveyer with Poles

I found a Line Mar Match Box Construction Set from the 1930s, complete and with instructions. The box claimed the set made 100 different toys. I decided to test that claim -- one toy at a time. You can read all the posts for the Line Mar construction project at 100 Toys.

072. Conveyer with Poles

The illustration for this toy wasn't especially helpful. The assembly for the base and the poles was pretty simple. I decided to go with the wooden discs instead of the fiber collars for additional stability.

The problem was the conveyor basket. It was difficult to see how the pully was put together. In the end, I managed, but it doesn't look nearly as neat as the illustration. The short arm isn't as short as the picture suggests. And since I had used the wooden discs with the poles, I had to create flanges with the fiber collars.

It sort of worked, but this was definitely a stationary model.

Thursday, November 02, 2017

Boccherini Op. 6 String Trios - Classic performances

The name Lubotsky may ring a bell. Russian violinist Mark Lubotsky recorded Benjamin Britten's Violin Concerto under the direction of the composer.

While this release is not likely to become as legendary as that Decca recording, there's still some fine music-making going on here.

Mark Lubotsky, along with violinist Katarina Andreasson and cellist Olga Dowbusch-Lubotsky deliver sensitive, yet full-blooded performances of Luigi Boccherini's Op. 6 string trios.

The 1769 trios were the third of seven such sets that Boccherini wrote, and aren't recorded or as frequently performed as the later sets. Personally, I thought the works quite attractive and well-written (in other words: typical Boccherini).

The articulation of the Lubostky Trio is impeccable, making it easy to hear the structure of music. My only complaint is with the recording itself. The strings seem to have an edge to their sound, that can sometimes sound a little harsh. A minor EQ adjustment on my system seemed to remedy the problem, though.

Luigi Boccherini: String Trios Op. 6
Lubotsky Trio
Brilliant Classics

Wednesday, November 01, 2017

Boccherini Op. 5 - Robust Works for Pianoforte and Violin

This release has me a little conflicted.

Luigi Boccherini published his Op. 5 pianoforte and violin sonatas in 1768. The works were dedicated to one of the premiere keyboard players of the day, Mme. Brillon de Jouy. She was a champion of the then-new pianoforte, and Boccherini's sonatas were his first compositions for keyboard.

My conflict? I love Boccherini, but I'm no fan of the early pianoforte. These works were also published in a harpsichord/violin version. But the pianoforte was the instrument the composer had in mind.

Boccherini titled the works "Sei sonate per fortepiano, con accompagnamento di un violino." In other words, the violin has a secondary role compared to the fortepiano. And that puts the keyboard instrument front and center.

In this recording, that also makes the faults of the pianoforte easy to hear. The action's noisy, there's a hollow quality to the sound, and it doesn't always stay precisely in tune throughout the work.

If you can't get past those distractions, best to give this release a pass.

But, if you can, there's something of value in these performances. Boccherini exploited the pianoforte's ability to play at various dynamic levels and respond to the force of the player's touch. Pianist Pierre Goy and violinist Liana Mosca deliver animated, expressive performances.

Goy and Mosca seem to have an informal conversation as they hand the melodies back and forth. The violin may be the accompanying instrument but it still has plenty to do.

I still don't like the sound of the pianoforte. But I understand why it was used. These sonatas show us the skill of the young Boccherini. His keyboard writing gives us a foretaste to the expressive works to come. I wouldn't have that same insight had I heard the harpsichord version.

Luigi Boccherin: 6 Sonate di Cembalo e Violino Obbligato, Op. 5
Liana Mosca, violin; Pierre Goy, pianoforte
Stradivarius 2 CD Set

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Spam Roundup October, 2017

There's spam, and then there's spam so oddly written it's somewhat amusing. Here's a roundup of some of the "best" comments I received this month from spambots around the world.

Unambiguously preservedness

- I think this is one of the most information for me. And I am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on few general things. The site style is wonderful, the articles is really nice. [After the "but" I was waiting for the ax to fall.]

 - I am taking a look forward to your next post. I'll try to get the cling of it! [I strive for electrifying prose. Static's just the byproduct.]

 - Hi there colleagues, how is all, and what you want to say concerning this article, in my view its in fact awesome support of me. [It's not about you.]

 - What a material of un-ambiguity and preservedness of precious familiarity regarding unpredicted feelings. [I feel this is somewhat ambiguous.]

We continue to "Lumbering along"

The Straco Express Layout, Part 23 - Lumbering Along continues to attract the spambots. As you read the comments below, keep in mind that it was all supposedly prompted by the 3"-long tin friction toy shown at left. The post itself just describes the car and how it fits with the display. 

 - You actually make it appear so easy along with your presentation however I find this topic to be actually something which I believe I might never understand. It sort to feels too complicated and extremely vast for me. [100 words. Too vast. Riiiiight.]

 - If they know they cannot get a rise out of you they will continue until they do, but if you change the subject they will get the hing that you are not interested in debating. [Not to change the subject, but did ever I tell you about the vintage Japanese toy lumber truck I picked up?]

 - You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. [You've got to be kidding.]

Fastidious content

The usage of the word "fastidious" has tapered off in the spam comments. But spambots still have a lot to say in the comment field of the article itself

 - Pretty oration of content.[?!]

 - I know this web page offers quality dependent articles or reviews and additional stuff, is there any other website which gives such things in quality? [Nope. When it comes to commentary about fastidious spam, I'm in a class by myself.]

 - Everything composed was actually very reasonable. But, what about this? What if you wrote a catchier title? I mean "Fastidious Spam" is kinda lame. [It got you to click through, didn't it?]

That's it for this month. But not to worry -- the oration of content (both pretty and ugly) continues apace. We're sure to have more than enough material for a November roundup. 

Monday, October 30, 2017

Diabelli Project 168 - String Trio

The Diabelli Project is about offering my weekly flash-composition sketches freely to all. Like Antonio Diabelli's theme, these sketches aren't great music. But perhaps (as in Diabelli's case) there's a Beethoven out there who can do great things with them.

I feel I need to apologize for the look of this score. My regular technical pens were about out of ink, so I tried some with angled nibs.

As for the music itself, it's sort of a continuation of last week's project. In that sketch, I used an ascending intervals pattern: a second, a third, and a fourth. This time, it's the same intervals in a descending pattern.

Plus, I just came off of a month of posting viola works (and jokes) on Twitter as part of the #ClassicsaDay feed. So even before I started I thought I'd be sketching out something for some type of string chamber piece.

As always, you can use any or all of the posted Diabelli Project sketches as you wish for free. Just be sure to share the results. I'm always curious to see what direction someone else can take this material.

Friday, October 27, 2017

Line Mar Match Box Construction 071 - Turn Stile

I found a Line Mar Match Box Construction Set from the 1930s, complete and with instructions. The box claimed the set made 100 different toys. I decided to test that claim -- one toy at a time. You can read all the posts for the Line Mar construction project at 100 Toys.

071. Turn Stile

Yes, a "turn stile" is the same as a turnstile. This construction set was made in Japan, and sometimes the translation doesn't quite work.

The build was pretty easy for the turnstile. The nub at the top of the capstan isn't as pronounced as it appears in the illustration. The dowel simply wasn't long enough to make that happen.

Otherwise, the complete toy looks like the image. And it does rotate. That makes it one of the few toys in this series that a kid could actually play with!

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Gregory Mertl Piano Concerto - music with a strong narrative

How to best to describe the music of Gregory Mertl? According to the composer, it "often enfolds as a narrative generated from its opening ideas." The three works on this release all have a forward-moving narrative.

Yet each work achieves that in a different fashion. "Afterglow of a Kiss" for flute proceeds in fits and starts. While sometimes prickly, I'd call it non-tonal rather than atonal. The piece sounds grounded -- just not in a traditional dominant-tonic sense. In this narrative, there's a gradual move from chaos to calm. That calm only arrives towards the end of the 7-minute work (and it's not all that calm).

The solo flute part is challenging -- but not too challenging for Immanuel Davis. Despite the demands on her instrument, she maintains a beautiful, well-rounded tone.

"Empress" is as calm as "Afterglow" is agitated. The work proceeds through a series of long, drawn-out chords that gradually mutate. As the work progresses, the music gains momentum. Here the narrative seems to be that of awakening. The harmonies increase in dissonance and the mood moves from lethargic to energetic.

According to Mertl, his piano concerto is a journey of discovery for the soloist. It reminded me a little of late Bartok -- but only a little. In the first movement, the piano's fragmentary themes slowly coalesce. It comes together in the second movement. The piano and orchestra take turns with the melodic material as separate -- but equal -- partners.

The final movement brings both forces together. The piano and orchestra fit together in an interconnected whole. If you follow the narrative thread, the work can take you on an exciting journey of exploration. And one worth the time investment.

The University of Minnesota Wind Ensemble performs on par with professional ensembles. Long, sustained chords were rock-solid, never wavering in tone. The ensemble has a strong, full-bodied sound. Kudos to Craig Kirchhoff for leading them in such exciting performances.

Also of merit is pianist Solungga Liu's performance. Her playing in the first movement showed great sensitivity and power and dexterity in the third.

Gregory Mertl
Afterglow of a Kiss, Empress, Piano Concerto
The University of Minnesota Wind Ensemble; Craig Kirchhoff, conductor
Solungga Liu, piano; Immanuel Davis, flute
Bridge Records 9489

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

CPE Bach Violin Sonatas - Transparent and lively masterworks

This reissue from 2005 features four violin and piano sonatas by Carl Philipp Emanual Bach. He wrote three while serving at the court of Frederick the Great. The other was an early work, miscredited to his father.

CPE Bach composed the three 1763 sonatas while employed by King Frederick II, They reflect the atmosphere of Frederick the Great's cosmopolitan court. Frederick was a talented amateur musician, greatly interested in French culture.

Bach's sonatas have the lightness of the French style galante. Violin and piano nimbly trade melodic motifs, keeping the texture light. Amandine Beyer and Edna Stern play in simpatico. Phrasing and infections remain consistent as the music moves from one instrument to the other.

It's easy to hear how the 1738 Sonata in G major, H.545 (BWV 1031) could be attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach rather than his son. CPE wrote it when he was 20, and still developing his own voice. The textures are thick, and there's a lot of baroque busy-ness going on -- especially with the keyboard.

But after hearing the other sonatas, it's also easier to hear CPE's traits in this music, too.

I've stated before I don't care for the sound of the early fortepiano. But I have no complaints about the sound of it in this recording. The instrument does sounds a little blocky compared to a modern piano. But the action is quiet, and the keyboard seems very responsive to Stern's touch.

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
Sonatas for Violin and Fortepiano, WQ 76-78; H.545 (formerly BWV 1031)
Amadine Beyer, violin; Edna Stern, piano
Alpha 329

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Lessons from York: What We Saw - Clearing out the clutter

Dad and I recently returned from our semi-annual trip to the Train Collectors Association (TCA) Eastern Division toy train meet in York, PA. This is the largest such show in the United States and provides an interesting snapshot of the state of the hobby.

It can also hint at the current state of collecting in general. As is our tradition, we spent a lot of time discussing what we saw a lot of (and what we didn't) -- and more importantly, the reasons behind them.

There were three things that we saw in abundance this time, and I think they were there due to an aging market and shifting tastes.

Victims of the Aging Market

Toy collecting is a nostalgic endeavor, and most collectors focus on the objects of their youth. For the founding members of the TCA, that golden age would be the early 1920s. For the second generation to join, it was the late 1930s-early 1940s. For the third generation (of which I'm a part), it's postwar. 

And then there's a break. Because the third generation -- late Baby Boomers -- are really the last to grow up with toy trains. When the organization was founded, early trains commanded top dollar. That remained so during the second generation but started to decline by the third. And the slide continues.

1. Blue Comet and State Sets

Right before the Great Depression Lionel's top of the line train sets were indeed non plus ultra. The State set (each passenger car bore the name of a state) was a massive standard gauge (bigger than 0-gauge) train. Next in desirability was the Blue Comet.

These sets were made of high-quality metal, with detailed interiors, hinged doors and illumination. But in the early 1930s few families could afford such luxuries, and not many were sold.

An original 1930s Lionel standard gauge Blue Comet. Looks nice on a shelf.
For many, these sets remain the pinnacle of collecting. Even those who weren't especially interested in prewar trains would have a Blue Comet or a State Set if their pockets were deep enough.

At this show we saw an unusually high number of these vintage sets for sale. And while there weren't any real bargains, prices were $500-$1000 below average.

Why? The hobby is shifting from collectors who put trains on shelves to collectors who run trains on layouts. Reproduction Blue Comets and State Sets have hit the market. They cost a little less than the originals, run more reliably, and have modern operating features (like remote control).

The MTH 2014 reproduction. More features (like smoke and sound), and even more cars!

I think the vintage set we saw were the result of down-sizing and estate liquidations.

2. Postwar American Flyer

We noticed the abundance of American Flyer trains at the last show. This time there were even more tables offering postwar American Flyer trains. This Lionel competitor went out of business in 1967.

Original locomotives and rolling stock were scarce. But then in the early 1990s both Lionel and a new company S-Helper began offering new equipment. For the collector/operator, there was no longer a need for the vintage 1950s stuff.

This show I think we saw an acceleration of the change from collector to operator. There's less of a market for vintage Flyer, and plenty of demand for the new.


Last show we saw a lot of vintage ZW transformers. This time, we saw even more for sale.
For layout operators, the Lionel ZW transformer was the Holy Grail. It was the most powerful of Lionel's transformers, rated at 275 watts. It had independent controls for two trains, plus terminals to power accessories and lights.

That ZW (right) may have been powerful, but if you're one from the
late 1940s-early 1950s, it can get real hot real fast.

Lionel offered the ZW from 1948 to 1966. The first generation of collector/operators created a huge demand for refurbished ZWs. But as locomotives acquired on-board electronics, these became less satisfactory.

The Z4000 has more features, plus it's UL-rated.
In the late 1990s MTH offered their own line of transformers for modern 0-gauge locomotives. Their top-of-the-line Z-4000 transformer delivers 400 watts of power, has an internal cooling fan and is UL-rated. If your an operator, it just makes sense to replace that vintage ZW with something that's not only more powerful, but less likely to burn your house down.

What we didn't see

What we didn't see at York supports the theory that toy train operators are now driving the marketplace. What we didn't see are the very things most operators would want on their layouts:

1) Operating accessories, both pre- and postwar (such as coal loaders, beacon lights, etc.). They're right at home on the modern collector/operators' layouts.

2) Post 1990 locomotives and rolling stock from Lionel, Atlas, MTH, and Bachman. If you're running it, you're not going to sell it.

3) Modern reproductions from Weaver, Williams, MTH, and others. Those are the products that are pushing the vintage originals off the shelves and into the market place.